Why one should read the Job description

A job description serves a basis for interviewing candidates, orienting a new employee and finally in the evaluation of job performance.

Components of a Job Description

  1. A summary statement. These one or two sentences include a general statement of duties and mentions who the employee would report to.
  2. Functions of the position. Usually this section is the most lengthy. It details what the job actually entails and can be quite specific. It should detail any supervisory functions in addition to being as specific as possible describing tasks the employee will face every day.
  3. Attributes needed for the position.  Details any technical or educational requirements that may be critical or desired.
  4. Reporting. Provides details on the reporting and organisational structure.
  5. Evaluation criteria.  This section will probably enable the organisation to define what is most important for the organisation as well as the employee. The evaluation criteria of the position will promote the type of activities to enhance the success of the business and also provides details on when evaluations will take place.
  6. Compensation.
  7. Physical location and surroundings.

Using job descriptions will help an organisation better understand the experience and skill base needed to enhance the success of the company. They help in the hiring, evaluation and potentially terminating of employees. All too often, there is a misunderstanding of what a position entails and a well-prepared job description can help both sides share a common understanding.

Therefore it is critical to read and understand the Job Description well before going into any interview process.